Washington Post 2016 echos Bloomington Herald-Times 2015 – Terror in Pakistan

The Washington Post, 20 January 2016
Gunmen storm university in Pakistan, killing at least 20 people
A group of gunmen stormed a university in northwestern Pakistan on Jan. 20 and killed at least 20 people, police said. Local media are on the scene outside Bacha Khan University. (Reuters)
By Tim Craig January 20 at 6:52 AM
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan — Gunmen slipped into a college campus under cover of fog Wednesday, killing at least 20 people — some of them shot execution-style — in the latest terrorist attack in Pakistan targeting students in apparent revenge for expanding military crackdowns.
The attack in Charsadda, about 30 miles from Peshawar, was claimed by a Taliban faction. It is likely to unite the country behind stern action against Islamist militants 13 months after a similar rampage at a nearby army-run school killed about 150 students and teachers.
Four suspected attackers also were killed in Wednesday’s bloodshed, officials said.
Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif vowed a “ruthless response,” saying the attack was on all of Pakistan.
“Cowards and their finances will see our national resolve to eliminate terror,” a statement issued by his office said, even as some Pakistani media outlets reported that the death toll could rise from among the dozens wounded.
The attack underscored the resilience of Taliban militiamen despite a widening campaign of airstrikes and other offensives by Pakistan, which has lowered overall violence but has not dismantled militant groups that can easily slip across the Afghan border to relative safe havens.
The Pakistan Taliban also appears increasingly splintered, with some groups favoring so-called soft targets such as schools and others insisting the fight is mainly with Pakistan’s security forces. After Wednesday’s attack — claimed by a hard-line Taliban offshoot — the main Pakistani Taliban faction denounced it as “un-Islamic.”
Security and analysts, however, have repeatedly stressed that the Pakistani Taliban remains capable of pulling off headline-grabbing attacks, especially in the northwestern part of the country. In September, the Pakistani Taliban asserted responsibility for an attack on a Pakistani Air Force base in Peshawar, killing 29 people.
[Islamic State strikes Pakistan consulate in Afghanistan]
Wednesday’s assault began about 9 a.m. when at least four gunmen cut through a back fence into Bacha Khan University in Charsadda.
“I saw two terrorists standing on the roof. . . . They were shouting, ‘Allahu Akhbar,’ ” said Basit Khan, a student of computer sciences, referring to an Islamic cry for God is great. “After that, firing started and I and my friends started running. There were people screaming. We were terrified.”
Eyewitnesses told The Washington Post that many of the university students were shot in the head.
The scene at a Pakistani university after gunmen kill at least 20 people

Ashfaq Ahmad, a security officer of the university, told The Post that the attackers sneaked in through the backyard of the university and “were restricted to the boy’s hostel when security guards opened fire on them.” He said most of the victims were male students. He said a cook and an assistant professor were also among the dead.
“The attackers cut the barbed wire and jumped into the campus. Our guards engaged them and they did not reach the girl’s hostel and main administration block,” he said. He described four attackers around 20 years of age.
Shaukat Yousafzai, a local lawmaker, said preliminary information indicated that at least 20 people had been killed. Yousafzai said at least 50 people had been injured, many of whom were suffering from gunshot wounds.
[Afghan leader faces backlash for seeking Pakistan help]
A Pakistani Taliban regional group — Omar Mansoor from Darra Adam Khel region — claimed responsibility for the attack. “We have sent four suicide attackers and they have killed dozens of people,” said a statement by the group, which is also believed to have been behind the Peshawar school attack.
“This is a message to the Pakistani army and civilian leadership, who have executed 130 mujahideen, our people. We will carry out more attacks to take revenge on them,” the group said.
Maj. Gen. Asim Bajwa, a spokesman for the Pakistan military, said security forces converged on the campus and killed four suspected terrorists. Bajwa said a search operation was still ongoing.
The co-ed university is named after Bacha Khan, a Pashtun nationalist leader who was the founder of Pakistan’s Awami National Party.
The party is known for its strong anti-Taliban views, and many of its leaders have been killed in recent years. Wednesday was the 28th year anniversary of Khan’s death. The attack occurred as a gathering of Pashtun poets was taking place on campus to commemorate the anniversary
Saeed Khan Wazir, a senior police officer, told media that the gunmen sneaked onto school grounds by using the cover of Pakistan’s chronically foggy mornings during the winter.
“There was severe fog, and visibility was almost none,” Wazir said.
One student told Pakistan’s Channel 24 news that he was in his dormitory when he heard gunshots.
“It was a deafening sound, and first we decided to go out and run, but upon hearing continuous firing, we shut our room doors,” the student said. “Two terrorists came to my door and shouted, ‘We are army, and we are here to rescue you.’ But I didn’t open the door.
“After this, they started firing at the door, but I lied down on the floor silently waiting till they were gone.”
Prime Minister Sharif, who is in Zurich for a global economic conference, said in an earlier statement that law enforcement agencies converged on the scene to rescue students and faculty members.
“We are determined and resolved in our commitment to wipe out the menace of terrorism from our homeland,” he said. “The countless sacrifices made by our countrymen will not go in vain.”
In December 2014, a terrorist attack at an army-run school in Peshawar killed about 150 teachers and students. After that, Pakistani officials greatly enhanced security at educational establishments, including erecting walls lined with razor wire and mandating the presence of armed guards at some institutions. Some provinces in Pakistan even authorized teachers to carry firearms in the classroom.
But there have been repeated warnings that schools remained vulnerable to attack. On Tuesday, parents throughout northwestern Pakistan rushed to pull their children out of school after rumors spread through communities that a terrorist attack on a school might be imminent.
The Taliban also shot schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai in the head in 2012 while she sat on her school bus in Pakistan’s Swat Valley, also in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Yousafzai survived, wrote a book about her ordeal, and was awarded the 2014 Nobel Peace Prize.
The Pakistani Taliban is an off-shoot of the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan.
In Pakistan, the group is pushing for the imposition of sharia law. Since its founding in the mid-2000s, more than 50,000 Pakistanis have been killed in terrorist attacks or battles between the military and Islamist militants.
In June 2014, after an attack on Karachi’s international airport killed more than two-dozen people, the Pakistani military launched a major operation to drive Islamist militants from their safe havens in northwestern Pakistan’s tribal belt. The operation intensified a year ago after the Peshawar school attack.
Throughout 2015, there had been a marked decline in violence in Pakistan. According to a recent report by the Pak Institute of Peace Studies, 2015 was Pakistan’s safest year since 2007 because terrorist attacks dropped by 48 percent compared to the previous year.
“The spaces for extremists’ apologists in public discussions and mainstream media are gradually shrinking, which contributed in keeping the discourse on counter-terrorism focused,” the report concluded.
[After years of tensions, anti-American views ease in Pakistan]
The Pakistani Taliban has demonstrated resilience, however. On Tuesday, the group, n, whose leadership is believed to reside in Afghanistan, also claimed responsibility for setting a roadside bomb that killed six people near a military checkpoint in Khyber Agency. A day earlier, five Pakistani soldiers were killed by a roadside bomb in the western city of Quetta.
Haq Nawaz Khan in Peshawar, Aamir Iqbal in Charsadda, Shaiq Hussain in Islamabad and Daniela Deane in London contributed to this report.
Tim Craig is The Post’s bureau chief in Pakistan. He has also covered conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan and within the District of Columbia government.

The Bloomington Herald-Times, 6 January 2015

Pakistan’s bigger threat is internal, not from India
This guest column was written by John W. Tilford of Bloomington, former senior military intelligence analyst, South Asia Branch, Regional Assessments Division, Production Directorate, Defense Intelligence Agency; and later deputy commander, National Ground Intelligence Center.
In 1996, U.S. Army Major Ralph Roberts returned to the Defense Intelligence Agency from the Pakistan Army Command and General Staff Course in Quetta during my first active duty tour with DIA. He told me the course was taught in English, an artifact of the pre-1947 era of British control of greater India. Revisit 1939’s Gunga Din for film portrayals of British influence, South Asian pride in the military, and expansionist goals of religious extremists.
Later in 1996: The South Asia Branch senior intelligence analyst tasked me with DIA’s input to the Department of State regarding Pakistan ¬— a terrorist state or not? He thought I had a month for the assignment before my Army Reserve active duty orders expired. Iraq ground forces violated the northern restricted zone into ‘Kurdistan’ and I was reassigned across the Potomac to the Pentagon as a ‘pol-mil’ (political/military) analyst on an ad hoc Iraq intelligence team. My Pakistan research seemed wasted.
1997: My wife’s Pakistani coworker at a College Mall store discovered I was an Army Reserve officer. She asked my rank and how many valets I had. Rachsana then forgave us. The policies of the United States “favoring India” were “not our fault.”
1999: Pakistan Army units and Kashmiri militants broke tradition and took overwatch positions near Kargil on the Indian side of the mountainous Line of Control, seizing territory before the usual spring return of opposing forces. I was pulled from another project to work the new crisis between the two nuclear states. The original line was restored by India a few months and thousands of casualties later. The Pakistan Chief of Army Staff who planned the Kargil incursion, Pervez Musharraf, parlayed his enhanced popularity into the office of president via a coup d’etat.
Pakistan has fought four wars with India since 1947. The Pakistan economy cannot afford to match Indian traditional military capabilities so the Pakistan covert Inter-Services Intelligence backs surrogate ‘freedom fighters’ in Kashmir, the Taliban in Afghanistan, the 2001 Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament, the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, and — well, you get the idea. Pakistan seeks international influence by any means and, whenever possible, to “needle prick the [Indian] tiger” in the process.
But when the North Waziristan Taliban killed 132 military dependent children and several adults in Peshawar on the 16th of December they may have finally gone too far. Pakistanis admire their military, the central pillar of their national pride, more than they respect their civilian government — so much so the majority of the people support military take over when the civilian government is perceived as too incompetent and too corrupt. Not one military junta, but three times. “How many valets does your husband have?”
If anything good comes from the calculated killing of so many military dependent children, it may be that the Pakistanis finally realize internal extremists are more threatening than India, that any benefit to backing terrorists (the terrorist state status I did not have the chance to recommend) is not worth the death of their parliamentary democratic republic.

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